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  • COURS DE CIVILISATION 2015-2016

    Sauf indication contraire, les cours sont réservés aux étudiants inscrits en licence LLCE anglais.

     

    En L1 LLCE, tous les étudiants doivent suivre l’unique cours de civilisation proposé sur le long XVIIIe siècle anglo-américain (UE5).

     

     

    En L2 et L3 LLCE, dans le cadre de la majeure tous les étudiants doivent suivre un cours par semestre à choisir dans les listes correspondantes :

     

    L2 LLCE 1er semestre - civilisation britannique 19e siècle (UE9)

    L2 LLCE 2e semestre - civilisation américaine 19e siècle (UE13)

    L3 LLCE 1er semestre - civilisation britannique 20e siècle (UE17)

    L3 LLCE 2e semestre - civilisation américaine 20e siècle (UE21)

     

    Pour valider la mineure Enseignement en L3, les étudiants doivent suivre également l’unique cours de mineure de civilisation proposé au 2e semestre (UE22).

    Pour valider la mineure Culture et médias en L3, les étudiants doivent suivre également l’unique cours de mineure de civilisation proposé au 1er semestre (UE18). À NOTER : en mineure Culture et médias, les étudiants peuvent en outre choisir un cours de civilisation parmi ceux proposés au 2e semestre (UE17 et UE22). 

     

     

    L1 LLCE - 2E SEMESTRE

    UE5 - INTRODUCTION A LA CIVILISATION DES PAYS ANGLOPHONES : Le long XVIIIe siècle anglo-américain

     

    R. Bethmont : Mercredi 15h-18h
    C. Cuttica : Mardi 15h-18h
    T. McInerney : Lundi 15h-18h
    I. de Rode : Jeudi 9h-12h

     

    Ce cours a pour but de familiariser les étudiants avec les problèmes de méthode propres au domaine de la civilisation, en étudiant le monde anglophone pendant la période de la fin du XVIIe au début du XIXe siècle. Seront abordés : les origines du système parlementaire, la colonisation de l’Amérique du nord, et l’industrialisation. Les étudiants doivent fournir un travail régulier au cours du semestre pour valider cet E.C

     

    Bibliographie :
    - Tuttle, Elisabeth. Les Iles britanniques à l’âge moderne, Paris, Larousse, 2001.
    - Frison, Danièle, et al. Expansion of the Anglo-American World 1688-1900), Paris, Ellipses, 1995.

     

     L2 LLCE - 1er SEMESTRE

    UE9 - CIVILISATION DES PAYS ANGLOPHONES : Civilisation britannique, 19e siècle

    Les étudiants doivent choisir un cours parmi ceux proposés ci-dessous :

    • Britain in the 19th Century

    C. Cuttica : Mardi 15h-18h

    This course explores the history of Britain from (broadly) the end of the eighteenth century to the beginning of the twentieth century. The course attempts to take into account political, economic, social and cultural aspects and their contexts. In particular, it aims to introduce students to some important themes and events in British history. Below are the main topics which will be analysed :
    1. Introduction to the course (practical information : e.g. assignments, attendance, plagiarism). Notes on “studying history” and “defining British history”

    2. Brief revision of the history of the British Isles pre-1800 (Norman, Medieval England, Tudor and Stuart England-Scotland, the Glorious Revolution, The Acts of Union 1707)

    3. The Agricultural Revolution and the Enclosures

    4. The Industrial Revolution and the socio-cultural changes related to its developments

    5. Parliamentary Reform (1832)

    6. Poor Law (1834)

    7. Chartism (1836-48)

    8. Art, literature and culture in Victorian Britain

    9. Empire and Colonisation

    10. Slavery

    11. The Working Class Movement and the Fabian Society (1880s)

     

    • Cities and Urban Life in Britain and the Empire, 1830-1900 

     T. McInerney : Lundi 15h-18h

     Au cours du XIXe siècle la population de la Grande-Bretagne a doublé, allant de 20 millions à 40 millions personnes. En même temps, son paysage de hameaux et de petites bourgades a été rapidement avalé par un étalement urbain sans égal en Europe. En Grande-Bretagne, l’ascension de la grande ville a transformé la politique de la classe, du genre, et de la nationalité. Dans les territoires plus éloignés, les villes coloniales sont devenues les fers de lance d’un empire qui couvrira bientôt un cinquième de la planète. Ce cours examine l’histoire culturelle de la Grande-Bretagne et de l’Empire à travers ces lieux stratégiques du développement du commerce, de l’industrie, et du colonialisme. Chaque semaine, on étudiera une nouvelle grande ville en lien avec des transformations sociales et politiques contemporaines. Les villes étudiées incluront : Liverpool, Kingston, New Delhi, Sydney, Edinburgh, Dublin, et Londres

     

    Bibliographie indicative :
    (Tous ces titres sont disponibles soit à la BU de Paris 8, soit à la Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire de la Sorbonne) :

    - Hunt, Tristram. Building Jerusalem : The Rise and Fall of The Victorian City. London : Hachette, 2010. (BIU de la Sorbonne).
    - Hyam, Ronald. Britain’s Imperial Century : 1815-1914 : a Study of Empire and Expansion. London : Macmillan, 1993 (BIU de la Sorbonne)
    - Porter, Andrew. The Oxford History of the British Empire. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1999 (BU Paris 8).
    - Holme, Robert. Of Planting and Planning : The Making of British Colonial Cities. New York : Routledge, 2009 (BIU de la Sorbonne)
    - Williams, Brenda. Victorian Britain. Andover : Jarrold, 2005 (BU Paris 8)

     

    • Victorian Britain : the Making of a Liberal Society

     R. Bethmont : Mercredi 9h-12h

     The 19th century was a period in which Britain went through remarkable political, economic and social change, in many ways the consequence of the Industrial Revolution. The course will focus on how the British way of life was increasingly defined by the notions of freedom and progress : in the process of democratisation and liberalization, an ever greater number of Britons gained political, religious, economic and social rights. Liberal progress, however, was relative. At the end of the 19th century Britain was beset by major social problems, leading to a redefinition of liberalism.

     

    Bibliography :
    (The books are available at the BU)

    - Laurent Bury, Civilisation britannique au XIXe siècle, Hachette, 2001.
    - Bernard Cottret, Histoire de l’Angleterre, Tallandier, 2007.
    - Theodore K. Hoppen, The Mid-Victorian Generation 1846-1886, Oxford University Press, 2000. 

     

    LLCE L2 - 2e SEMESTRE

    UE13 - CIVILISATION DES PAYS ANGLOPHONES : Civilisation américaine, 19e siècle

    Les étudiants doivent choisir un cours parmi ceux proposés ci-dessous :

    • African-American History : from Slavery to Freedom (1619-1865)

    Claire Bourhis-Mariotti : Lundi 9h-12h

     African-American history is the history of an ethnic group in the United States also known as Black Americans. The majority of African-Americans are the descendants of enslaved Africans transported from West and Central Africa to the States during the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Others have arrived through more recent immigration from Africa, South America, and the Caribbean.

    Making use of different kinds of primary sources (texts and iconographic documents) and secondary sources (mostly video documentaries), this course surveys the history of Africans in America from their first arrival as slaves on the North American Continent to their emancipation (1619-1865), and their role in the social, cultural, economic, and political evolution of the United States.

    Prerequisite : an adequate knowledge of general US history from 1607 to 1865. Students not familiar with this period in US history MUST have read chapters 1 to 7 of the following US history online textbook before attending : Digital History, http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/era.cfm?eraID=1&smtID=2 

    OR, for more advanced students, chapters 1 to 20 of American Pageant. A PDF version of this book is currently available here : http://www.scuc.txed.net/webpages/cbaker/ap_us_history.cfm?subpage=40296 

     

    Bibliography (the books are available at the university library) :

    - Alkalimat, Abdul. Introduction to Afro-American Studies : a Peoples College Primer. Urbana : University of Illinois, 1984, 5th ed.• Berlin, Ira. Generations of Captivity : a History of African-American Slaves. Cambridge (Mass.) London : Belknap Press of Harvard university press, 2003.
    - Bontemps, Arna Wendell. Great Slave Narratives. Boston : Beacon Press, 1969.
    - Buchanan, Thomas C. Black Life on the Mississippi : Slaves, Free Blacks, and the Western Steamboat World. Chapel Hill (N.C.) and London : University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
    - Christopher, Emma, Cassandra Pybus, and Marcus Buford Rediker. Many Middle Passages : Forced Migration and the Making of the Modern World. Berkeley (Calif.) Los Angeles London : University of California press, The California World History Library 5, 2007.
    - Greene, Lorenzo Johnston, and Benjamin Quarles. “The Negro in Colonial New England.” Atheneum, 1968.
    - Hornsby, Alton, Delores P. Aldridge, and Angela M. Hornsby. A Companion to African American History. Malden (Mass.) Oxford Carlton : Blackwell, Blackwell Companions to American History, 2005.
    - Kolchin, Peter. American Slavery, 1619-1877. 10th-anniversary edition, with a new preface and afterword. New York (N.Y.) : Hill and Wang, 2003.
    - Walton, Hanes, and Robert Charles Smith. American Politics and the African American Quest for Universal Freedom. New York : Pearson Longman, 2005, 3rd ed.

     

    • American Democracy in the 19th century

     Sébastien Lefait : Mercredi 9h-12h 

    Starting with a refresher lesson on the American Constitution, this course sets out to trace the evolution of democracy in the 19th century, placing special emphasis on the rise of the two-party system. This angle provides an opportunity for studying the main ideological debates of the century (federalism vs. anti-federalism in particular), the Jeffersonian and Jacksonian eras, as well as the obstacles facing the fledgling American democracy : the Native Indian issue, the debate over slavery and the birth of abolitionism, the Civil War, the rise of the Women’s rights movement, etc. The final classes cover the post-war reconstruction period and the end-of-the-century “Gilded Age”. Each lesson includes the analysis of a primary document as its starting point, which leads to the key issues for each time period. Whenever possible, literary, film or TV works are summoned, to elicit various ways of putting the advent of democracy in perspective.

     

    Select bibliography :
    - Brands, H. W. 2010. American Colossus : The Triumph of Capitalism, 1865-1900. New York, NY : Doubleday.
    - Davis, David Brion. 2006. Inhuman Bondage : The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World. Oxford, England : Oxford University Press.
    - DuBois, Ellen Carol. 1998. Woman Suffrage and Women’s Rights. New York : New York University Press.
    -Foner, Eric. 1980. Politics and Ideology in the Age of the Civil War. New York : Oxford University Press.
    - Handlin, Oscar. 1951. The Uprooted : The Epic Story of the Great Migrations that Made the American People. Boston : Little, Brown.
    -Howe, Daniel Walker. 2007. What Hath God Wrought : The Transformation of America, 1815-1848. New York : Oxford University Press.
    -Takaki, Ronald T. 1993. A Different Mirror : A History of Multicultural America. Boston : Little, Brown & Co.
    -Zinn, Howard. 2003. A People’s History of the United States : 1492-2001. New York : Harper Collins, 2003.

     

    •  ‘Life, liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness’ in the USA during the 19th century (1776-1896) 

     Iris de Rode : Vendredi 9h-12h

    The authors of the United States’ Declaration of Independence held certain truths to be self-evident : “that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.”

     

    At the start of the 19th century, the United States was a fledgling nation. By the time the century ended, the U.S. had expanded westward exponentially, had survived the civil war that nearly brought the nation to an end, and had become a major power in the Western hemisphere. During this fast changing century, the United States and its American Dream attracted millions of immigrants as the Promised Land of equality, liberties, wealth and unlimited opportunities. But was this Dream attainable by all ?

     

    To answer this question, this course will cover different themes with a focus on social and economic history, with a ‘bottom up approach’ of this period. It will start with the founding of the United States of America, with its Declaration of Independence (1776) and end with the Gilded Age (1896).

     

    It will examine the main themes of the nineteenth century (the American Constitution, the Westward expansion, slavery and abolition, the Civil War, the widening of voting rights, different waves of immigration, the Industrial Revolution, amongst other themes) with a strong emphasis on minorities and ‘everyday life’ in America.

     

    We will examine the different themes through close reading and discussion of texts (primary and secondary sources) assigned for each week.

     

    Required textbook : Mary Beth Norton et al, A People and a Nation : A History of the United States (Volume 1, To 1877)

     

    Recommended reading : 

    Douglas Egerton et al, The Atlantic World. A History, 1400‐1888 (2007).

    William Barney, A companion to 19th-century America (2006).

    Ronald Takaki, Iron cages, race and culture in 19th century America (1990).

    Gordon S. Wood, The American Revolution (2002).

    Eric Foner, A Short History of Reconstruction (2010).

    Philip Gould, Barbaric Traffic : Commerce and Antislavery in the 18th-century Atlantic World (2003)

    Oscar Handlin, The Uprooted : The Epic Story of the Great Migrations that Made the American People (1951)

    Zinn, Howard, A People’s History of the United States : 1492-2001 (2003)

    Hanes Walton and Robert Charles Smith, American Politics and the African American Quest for Universal Freedom (2005)

    Sean Wilentz, The Rise of American Democracy : Jefferson to Lincoln (2005).

     

     

    LLCE L3 - 1er SEMESTRE

    UE21 – CIVILISATION DES PAYS ANGLOPHONES : Civilisation américaine, 20e siècle

    Les étudiants doivent choisir un cours parmi ceux proposés ci-dessous :

    •  Surveillance and democracy in 20th-century America

     Sébastien Lefait : Mardi, 12h-15h

     The underlying theme of this course in 20th century American civilization is the appearance of a surveillance society in the United States, which provides an opportunity for focusing on key issues regarding American democracy. The main time periods of the 20th and early 21st centuries are studied in the light of a paradoxical relationship between, on the one hand, surveillance seen as a hazard to democracy and to civil liberties and, on the other hand, surveillance considered as an essential shield for democracy, be it only due to its supposed necessity for the purpose of ensuring the country’s safety. Ideological wavering concerning the rights and wrongs of surveillance lead to refresher lessons on the Roaring Twenties, the Great Depression, the New Deal, the two World Wars, the Civil Rights movement, the Vietnam war, the counterculture, up to and including 9/11 and its aftermath, which considerably renews the debate over surveillance and security. Accordingly, the post 9/11 period is given special emphasis. Each lesson includes the analysis of a primary document as its starting point, which leads to the key issues for each time period. Whenever possible, literary, film or TV works are briefly used, to elicit various ways of putting in perspective the paradoxical relationship of surveillance and democracy.

     

    Select bibliography :

    Bigo, Didier, and Anastassia Tsoukala (eds). 2008. Terror, Insecurity and Liberty : Illiberal Practices of Liberal Regimes after 9/11. London : Routledge.

    Bond, Jon R., Richard Abernathy Watson, and Kevin B. Smith. 2012. The Promise and Performance of American Democracy, Tenth Edition. Belmont, CA : Thomson/Wadsworth.

    Chafe, William H. 2009. The Rise and Fall of the American Century : United States from 1890-2009. New York : Oxford University Press.

    Haggerty, Kevin D., and Minas Samatas (eds). 2010. Surveillance and Democracy. Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge.

    Wolfe, Alan. 2006. Does American Democracy Still Work ? New Haven : Yale University Press.

    Zinn, Howard. 2003. A People’s History of the United States : 1492-2001. New York : HarperCollins, 2003.

     

    •  America at war in the 20th century

    Juliette Bourdin : Mercredi, 15h-18h

    Throughout the 20th century, the United States was often, albeit reluctantly, a nation at war. The American participation in the world wars and other conflicts, starting in particular with World War I, reinforced the emergence of the United States as the first world power and profoundly changed the course of its history.

    With an emphasis on US foreign policy, this course aims to provide a comprehensive view of contemporary America through a chronological approach, analyzing in particular the rise of Imperial America, the oscillation between imperialism and isolationism, America’s involvement in World War II and its emergence as the first world power, the different strategies adopted during the Cold War, and the swinging responses of American leaders to new challenges in the “post-Cold War” era and the so-called “age of terror.”

     

    Bibliography :

    AMBROSE, Stephen, & BRINKLEY, Douglas G., Rise to Globalism : American Foreign Policy since 1938, New York, Penguin, 8th revised edition, 1997.

    DAVID, Charles-Philippe, BALTHAZAR, Louis, et VAÏSSE, Justin, La politique étrangère des Etats-Unis : Fondements, acteurs, formulation, Paris : Presses de Sciences Po, 2e édition revue et augmentée, 2008.

    GADDIS, John L., The Cold War : A New History, New York, Penguin, 2006.

    JENTLESON, Bruce W., American Foreign Policy : The Dynamics of Choice in the 21st Century, New York : W. W. Norton & Company, 2000.

    JENTLESON, Bruce W., & PATERSON, Thomas G., Encyclopedia of U.S. Foreign relations, New York ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1997, 4 volumes.

    MELANDRI, Pierre, & VAÏSSE, Justin, L’Empire du Milieu : les Etats-Unis et le monde depuis la fin de la guerre froide, Paris, Odile Jacob, 2001.

    NOUAILHAT, Yves-Henri, Les Etats-Unis et le monde de 1898 à nos jours, Paris, Armand Colin, 3e édition, 2003.

     

     

    LLCE L3 - 2e SEMESTRE

    UE17 – CIVILISATION DES PAYS ANGLOPHONES : Civilisation Britannique, 20e siècle

    Les étudiants doivent choisir un cours parmi ceux proposés ci-dessous :

    •  Identities in Contemporary Britain

     S. Ball : Mardi 9h-12h

    The course begins by introducing contemporary debates concerning a so-called ‘crisis of identity’ and calls for a definition of a ‘national identity’ in Britain. It then goes on to look at the recent history of current classifications of people in Britain in terms of class, ‘race’ and gender. The last part of the course addresses how identity is socially produced and is part of each individual’s everyday life.

    Assessment is by a mid-term in-class test, and the presentation (oral and written) of a critical analysis of the identity narrative of a late 20th or early 21st century British personality.

     

     Bibliography

    Bauman, Z. (2004) Identity Cambridge : Polity.

    Du Gay, P, J. Evans, P. Radman (2000) Identity : A Reader London : Sage.

    Elliot, A. and du Gay, P. (eds) (2009) Identity in Question London : Sage.

    Elliot, A. (2013) (3rd edn) Concepts of the Self Cambridge : Polity.

    Lawler, S. (2014) (2nd edn) Identity Sociological Perspectives Cambridge : Polity.

    Williams, R. (2000) Making Identity Matter Durham : Sociology Press.

    Wood, D. (ed) (1991) On Paul Ricoeur : Narrative and Interpretation London : Routledge.

     

    • Reinventing London (1855-2012)

    R. Bethmont : Mercredi 12h-15h

     This course offers an overview of the history of London from the second half of the 19th century to the Olympic Games of 2012 and examines how political, economic and social issues in the capital relate to British history at large. Since 1855 London has experimented with several forms of local government, reflecting changing relationships with central government and broader constitutional issues. The London economy profited from imperial power and connections and its industry grew to a dominant position nationally in the interwar years. The decline of Britain as a world power after the Second World War, however, meant that London had to reinvent itself economically. Finally London life in the 20th century reflected social change in Britain. Immigration made London more and more multicultural and multireligious. London diversity also profited from the development of sub-cultures in the second half of the 20th century.

     

     Bibliography

    Rémy Bethmont, Histoire de Londres. Paris, Tallandier, 2011.

    Roy Porter, London : A Social History. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1995.

    Jerry White, London in the 20th Century. London, Vintage, 2008.

     

    LLCE L3 - COURS DE MINEURES

     

    En mineure Enseignement, les étudiants suivent obligatoirement le cours sur le XVIe siècle proposé au deuxième semestre (voir ci-dessous).

     

    En mineure Culture et médias, les étudiants suivent obligatoirement le cours sur l’audiovisuel proposé au premier semestre (voir ci-dessous).

     

     

    UE18 – MINEURE CULTURE ET MEDIAS 3 – CIVILISATION DES PAYS ANGLOPHONES - 1ER SEMESTRE

    • Audiovisual fiction and contemporary US society : from mirroring to reflexivity.

    Sébastien Lefait : Mercredi 12h-15h

     

    Ce cours est aussi ouvert aux étudiants non anglicistes dont le niveau d’anglais est égal ou supérieur à B2.

     

    This course focuses on what media analysis can bring to the study of contemporary American civilization. The aim is to show students how they may benefit from analyzing various types of media in order to improve their understanding of contemporary United States, but also to give them the required basics in case they should want to enroll in the MC2L Master’s degree. For this purpose, the zones of interference between various topical issues and their media representations will be studied, placing special emphasis on the bilateral influence they have on each other. Varied media will come under study (fixed image, cinema, television, Internet), in relation with various civilization issues : racial tensions and the stakes of their screen depiction, the rise of surveillance societies and its impact on audiovisual fiction, post-911 paranoia and corresponding media vehicles, the two-way relationship between military fiction and armed conflicts, etc. TV series will be under specific focus, especially their narrative techniques and their anchorage into the current participatory culture, as well as the way they picture contemporary American politics and tend to play a constantly growing part in it.

     

    Select bibliography :

    Buonanno, Milly. 2008. The Age of Television : Experiences and Theories. Trad. Jennifer Radice. Bristol, UK : Intellect Books.

    Corner, John. 1998. Studying Media : Problems of Theory and Method. Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press.

    Esquenazi, Jean-Pierre. 2009. La Vérité de la fiction : comment peut-on croire que les récits de fiction nous parlent sérieusement de la réalité ? Paris : Hermès science publications.

    Nichols, Bill. 1991. Representing Reality : Issues and Concepts in Documentary. Bloomington : Indiana University Press.

    Niney, François. 2004, L’Épreuve du réel à l’écran : Essai sur le principe de réalité documentaire. Bruxelles : De Boeck.

    Odin, Roger. 2000. De la fiction. Bruxelles : De Boeck et Larcier.

    Quart, Leonard, and Albert Auster. 2002. American Film and Society since 1945. Westport, Conn : Praeger.

    Schaeffer, Jean-Marie. 1999. Pourquoi la fiction ? Paris : Éditions du Seuil.

    Stam, Robert. 1985. Reflexivity in Film and Literature : From Don Quixote to Jean-Luc Godard. Ann Arbor, Mich : UMI Research Press.

     

    UE22 – MINEURE ENSEIGNEMENT 4 – CIVILISATION DES PAYS ANGLOPHONES - 2e SEMESTRE

    • La politique, les idées et la tolérance en Angleterre à l’âge moderne 

     C. Cuttica : Mercredi 9h-12h

     

    Ce cours est aussi ouvert aux étudiants non anglicistes dont le niveau d’anglais est égal ou supérieur à B2.

     

    Ce cours vise à fournir aux étudiants une introduction soit à l’histoire politique soit à l’étude de la pensée politique de l’époque moderne anglaise. Les principaux événements qui ont caractérisés la période 1500-1700 seront analysés dans leur contexte politique, culturel, religieux. Cet approche servira à donner aux étudiants le cadre historique dans lequel situer quelques-uns des concepts politiques les plus importants développés soit par les penseurs majeurs soit par des auteurs moins connus pendants les époques Tudor et Stuart. Parmi les idées qui seront examinées figurent celle de l’utopie, du pouvoir absolu, du gouvernement, de l’état de nature, de la souveraineté, de la tolérance, de la propriété, du gender. Notamment, ce cours dédiera une attention particulière à la notion de tolérance soit en général soit en référence à la période de la guerre civile et à celle de l’Exclusion Crisis en Angleterre. En plus de fournir une introduction à certains thèmes essentiels de l’histoire culturelle et politique de la civilisation européenne, ce cours vise aussi à démontrer l’importance (et l’actualité) de nombreux concepts formulés à l’époque moderne pour une compréhension de maints problèmes clés du monde contemporain. 

     

    La plupart des textes étudiés en cours sont disponibles soit dans la brochure soit en ligne. 

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